Ernestine ADJA Ernestine ADJA

 The 28th summit of the African Union (AU) is held since yesterday Monday January 30, 2017 in Addis Ababa. The work that concludes this Tuesday, January 31, 2017 has already advanced a lot. In particular, we saw the arrival at the head of the organization two new figures including President Alpha Condé of Guinea-Conakry who replaces the President of Chad Idriss Deby Itno as President of the Union, while the Chadian Moussa Faki Mahamat, was elected to the presidency of the AU Commission. In addition, the Heads of State approved Morocco's application for membership in the pan-African body.

 Minister of Foreign Affairs of Chad since 2008, Moussa Faki Mahamat, 56, is presented as "a faithful among the faithful" of the President of Chad Idriss Déby Itno. He intends to make his country's commitment in the fight against terrorism a priority. Moussa Faki Mahamat was elected with 39 votes out of 54 against Kenya's Amina Mohamed. It is interesting for the reader to question the strength of Chadian diplomacy, taking into account the fact that at the sub regional level, Chad has also inherited the post of Governor of the Bank Of the States of Central Africa (BEAC).

 The AU's rotating presidential election was held during an in camera meeting shortly before the opening ceremony of the Summit of Heads of State.

 According to Alpha Condé, "The unity of our continent and solidarity in its leaders were the ideal that animated the founding fathers of our organization. The vast majority of the population continues to suffer from poverty, unemployment, crises of various kinds, including terrorism, immigration, disease, depriving our continent of arms and brains that can probably continue to develop. "It is our common responsibility to improve the living conditions of these young people in search of better futures outside the continent and to end their suicidal adventures across the Sahara and the waters of the Mediterranean Sea".

 It can be said that the African Union was therefore entirely entrusted to Francophones for a period of one year, as if it was an experiment. Analysts do not hesitate to say that "the majority of countries that have prevented the success of the AU are the francophone countries of Africa because they are not yet independent of France". Others believe that "as long as the AU does not have clear accession criteria it will serve no purpose as it serves no purpose ..." and call for the creation of a union of African Democrats.

 Yesterday, also, the Heads of State of the Union decided to reinstate Morocco, which had left the continental organization in 1984 to disagree on the issue of Western Sahara.

 Readers and analysts will finally have to fall into the trap that seeks to make them recite that the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and Algeria would not welcome the return of Morocco to the AU/ Organization of African Unity. The declarations of the leaders of these two countries last week do not go in this direction.

 Just a few days before the start of the 28th African Union summit, the leader of the Polisario arrived on Monday 23 January 2017 in Algiers for talks with the head of the Algerian government, Abdelmalek Sellal. Foreign Minister Ramtane Lamamra and his delegate Abdelkader Messahel took part in the discussions. And in a very moderate tone, Brahim Ghali told the press that the Front "took note of the ratification by Morocco of the Constitutive Act of the African Union". Taking into account the vote of the 40 states of the continental organization in favor of the admission of Morocco, the head of the Front recalled that the members of the AU "are bound to settle their differences by peaceful means

 "For example, we read paragraphs of articles from a certain polemical press like this one: "…The question of the borders inherited from colonization was back on Monday in the debates of the summit of Heads of State of the African Union (AU) ). Thirty-three years after Morocco's withdrawal from the organization, the 54 AU members validated Moroccan readmission request from King Mohammed VI in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Morocco had opted for the empty chair policy to protest against the recognition by the African countries of the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR), which was self-proclaimed by the Polisario Front in Western Sahara, a Spanish territory that Rabat considers an integral part Of the Shereefian kingdom ... "

Ntoumba MOURI /Voice of Africa

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